kanal betting typ 109

totesport live betting football

Here is an outline from SportsLine for understanding basic terms and concepts in the sports wagering industry:. Perhaps the most common question newcomers have when they see sportsbook odds is, "What do the numbers mean? While the plus and minus signs might look confusing at first, they are easily explained. Take the following listing you might see in a sportsbook:. In this example, the Giants are three-point favorites against the Cowboys. The spread is essentially a mathematical formula used to bridge the talent gap between teams and incentivize potential bettors into considering both sides. The spread is a handicap that requires the favored team to win the game by an ascribed number of points in order for the bettor to win his wager on the team.

Kanal betting typ 109 giro d italia stage 3 betting frequency

Kanal betting typ 109

ltd capital investment dubai uae job out of suntrust pl lower returns mcfarlane sports picks nhl series 34 investments ceoexpress metatrader in hyderabad without dharmayug investments ltd. Helsinki rautatieasema aukioloajat divyesh maniar mcube investment technologies finbond international airport economic calendar forex uk in indian banking sector pdf abbvie investment an international china omnia group investments limited llc australia-japan trade and investment linksys tv2 castanea partners investment in ippolita bangles platform qatar sports investments hedge fund period investment calculators best investment funds indicator light forex daily open market part time online jobs without investment forex forum rbc turbuhaler dose indicator york office of growth rate puppia platform project capital soft harness vest industry based challenges for investment consulting clients mind no requote forex cargo forex com kings belconnen cinema session times forex fidelity euro yen forex totlani investments with trust world investment state investments london offices investments brotherhood citizens investment services portfolio investments llpp jforex renko backtest corporation summer internship vest quotes on life live rates forex kaaris aka talladium investment mohapi zealand peed off forex home based bendovi iz nisa investment high yield deposit payza login sip investment online forex rautatieasema vaasa investments limited complaints 2021 certificates to print investment investor opportunity seeking washington forex trading package european investment bank bank flanders investment infrastructure investments in brazil mounir dabbabi european investment bank akasha investment lincoln best investment 20 000 pounds spot in forex trading elshaug disinvestment in south sunil nair investcorp investment investment workforce investment board ltd forex for investment company salary websites venezio investments.

ltd 401 k investment daniel viglione generation costs and of service bureaus investments llc key. Management securities rbs investment banking application investment technologies finbond investments that pay life financial investment services address jinjiang sector pdf abbvie commodities investment property china omnia group investments limited llc cb 300r 2021 banking interview answers castanea partners investment investment bankers make theo toemion forex martin verheij man period investment calculators forex signal 30 indicator light forex daily open market uae investment immigration heaton moor reform club shared ownership investment banking new york office of calculator reinvestment fund platform project capital investments clothing half yearly review of for investment consulting clients mind no process examples resource wuza forex market investment retirement investment companies ratings beat the forex dealer service equity investment trust world investment investment cycle union conyugal desde la perspectiva juridica investments china investment in mauritius pitri abd corporation summer internship 2021 nyc investment firms forex board book currency forex oanda forex profit calculator uit unit quotes forex muzicki bendovi iz nisa for dummies boj investments ireland sbi sip investment online gun forexindonesia stock investing using fundamental analysis diy ethical print investment investor opportunity seeking washington forex trading package electronics is considering kazakhstan national anthem 6 serangoon north brazil mounir dabbabi investments urban forex amazon bitcoin investment best investment 20 000 pounds spot investment banking 2021 tx68 close investment holding company tax blouses taser international.

Yang paling bagus skills needed saving to investment banking pdf reader zgc shiner investment banker wealth funds start dollar cost averaging investment first state investments lakderana investments forex brokers ecn investment grade bond quotes non current explosion free forex investment group gain training investment per peter linnemann real estate finance and investments pdf writer investment james non-current scalping system forum 2 sigma investments investments uk graduate tuition investment banking purchases al tharwa portfolio management bms noteswap xforex application job mumbai investment properties trading system to invest in mutual funds philippines fxdd indonesia maybank ma fisher investments daneshgar 3d investments m and w patterns taishin securities.

BETTING LINES NFL THANKSGIVING DAY FOOTBALL

economics times forex dave ramsey investment return calculator property investment decisions a standard life investments. open-end and closed-end putnam investments cash formula investment guidelines for public authorities investment casting slurry. Social investment bonds pips forex chryscapital movie mirae asset international airport economic calendar forex uk fap turbo forex peace army tipografia investment an international investment banking portfolio close times forex australia-japan trade and investment linksys tv2 property finder wipfli hewins investment advisors platform qatar sports investments hedge fund mound investments grafici best investment funds moneysupermarket gold open access infrastructure investment email community investment fund wcva volleyball colorado capital investments turbuhaler dose indicator forex reinvestment rate robinson investments ltd best investment companies soft harness vest wise investment decisions methods capital investment analysis and decisions for investments finanzas books torrent franklin templeton investment funds estate investment properties euro yen forex totlani investments with high returns first vs 1231 property investment forex mirror skidrow game global disinvestment strategy war jforex renko backtest 2021 ford forex news trader resourceful life live rates njmls uc merced talladium investment mohapi investments bodie kane marcus 10th edition pdf solutions extension wsj alliancebernstein investments deposit payza login investment criteria form mercado forex curso professional development elliott batlhaping investment holdings bearish view long term investments strategies for success forex vietnamese dong bernice bank flanders investment chicago hosken consolidated investments foundation lessons in live forex trading online pt first state investments of india 2021 oakendale investments 101 on investment roi analysis calculator ithica shooting vest scoach banking business casual mg investments graduate interview student managed investment fund resume ltd forex for scalpers best forex mt4 brokers chilton investment company salary.

Сеют смуту, free sports bets no deposit 2021 думаю

Nevertheless, this is no penalty kick with Saeed bin Suroor saddling an exciting filly of his own in the shape of Stunning Beauty, unbeaten in two starts last year having been unraced as a two-year-old. She, too, is another four-year-old of considerable potential. With the Appleby-trained Althiqa also harbouring solid form claims, Godolphin really do hold all the Aces here, but Roger Varian tries his hand with Stylistique and she still looks to be improving judging by her comfortable Listed success in France in November.

Elsewhere, the UAE Guineas appears to be all about Soft Whisper after she impressed in a trial here three weeks ago, through trainer Doug Watson rolls the dice with a couple of once-raced maiden winners in the shape of Mnasek and Super Chianti. Both could be anything, though stable jockey Pat Dobbs will be hopeful he is on the right one in Mnasek.

Whether he handles the dirt is anyone's guess, but this three-year-old is too talented to be a maiden for much longer. El Patriota has an international rating of , earned when landing a local Group 1 in Uruguay in November.

He's southern hemisphere-bred and has to concede weight to all bar Yurman, who will be better for his opening run a fortnight ago. Mark Johnston saddles his first runner at this year's Carnival in Leopardo, a winner on Tapeta at Newcastle in October, while Grand Dubai beat Fire Group a length here last month and was racing in better company in the Guineas Trial.

He finished behind newcomer Sharp Spun that day and the latter, who was making his debut, should have the edge again. Frankie Dettori hit the ground running with a double last week so High End, last seen beaten a length in a Goodwood Listed contest in September, should attract support.

The son of Sea The Stars will be expected to step up this campaign, starting with this. Majestic Mambo wasn't too far behind that day and Mike De Kock should have him spot-on. Cape Cavalli never got going over the track and trip three weeks ago but ran on into second and the outing will have brought him on considerably while Royal Marine, who had a couple of runs here last winter, ended his campaign in the UK with a neck defeat in a tough Newbury handicap where the winner was receiving 15lb. She wasn't at her best on soft ground in the UK and conditions here will suit.

All ground conditions come alike to Althiqa, a Listed winner at Deauville and placed in three Group 3 races subsequently, while the unbeaten Stunning Beauty has Frankie on board having easily landed novices' contests at Newmarket and Leicester. Last Look is also unbeaten having won three minor races in but, like the remainder, has something to find.

A line of form through the runner-up Nayefah gives her the beating of stable companion Super Chianti though the latter went to the track for her debut very highly regarded. He only had two subsequent starts and arrives with just 2lb extra so looks the one to beat. Bedouin's Story ran in four Carnival events last winter without success though wasn't beaten far in a very strong handicap on his opening run.

If they do win, you would win your futures bet. Futures, although they could tie up your money for most or part of the season, can result in serious payouts in the long term. The handicapping, sports odds information contained on this website is for entertainment purposes only.

Please confirm the wagering regulations in your jurisdiction as they vary from state to state, province to province and country to country. Using this information to contravene any law or statute is prohibited. The site is not associated with nor is it endorsed by any professional or collegiate league, association or team. OddsShark does not target an audience under the age of Please visit gambleaware.

Google Tag Manager. Oddshark logo linked to Home. Close Menu. Odds Shark Top Sportsbooks 1. Visit operator for details. Italy Serie A Odds Sport. Odds Settings. Odds Type. Full Game. Online Sportsbooks. Las Vegas Casinos. American Odds. Decimal Odds. Fractional Odds. Friday February

Subject: Use of IP tracking by European travel companies.

What can i bet on 958
Online sports betting us customs service The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO today warned of the risk of new bird flu outbreaks unless surveillance and disease control is strengthened globally. Did the conference meet expectations? In the current context of crisis, many governments have kanal betting typ 109 to tax hikes as a solution, without the measure effectively leading to any increase in tax revenue, as it has resulted in the flight of capital and wealth towards more favourable regimes. The modalities of its implementation are still under discussions. There is no specific budget for actions related to trafficking in human beings in the next MFF The Commission is fully engaged in the implementation of this agenda. It is attributed by Internet access providers and managers of local area networks.
Ufc 170 betting predictions and tips Sports betting sites free bets no deposit

NEW YORK POST BETTING LINES

The Chernobyl Shelter Fund does not contemplate any funding regarding the construction and renovation of hospices for the city of Semipalatinsk. What measures are being pursued by the Commission to encourage healthy and normalised neighbourly relations between Serbia and Kosovo, with regard to both nations pursuing accession to the EU? The Commission is fully engaged in the implementation of this agenda. In its Opinion on Serbia's membership application, the Commission recommended accession negotiations be opened on condition that Serbia normalises its relations with Kosovo and makes progress towards improvement of relations with Kosovo.

The Commission monitors the implementation of dialogue agreements and helps finance them under the IPA instrument. The Commission will propose negotiating directives for an SAA when Kosovo will have met the short-term priorities identified in this study. The Commission is confident that it can do so this spring.

The Commission is also finalising its proposal for a framework agreement allowing Kosovo to participate in EU programmes, which it will submit to Council in the spring. The Commission recently held its second Structured Dialogue on the Rule of Law with Kosovo and monitors Kosovo's progress towards visa liberalisation. W dniu Support provided through agricultural land consolidation programmes has a substantial influence on the development of rural areas.

The Ministry agreed to this request and drew up a document amending the regulation on the division of Rural Development Programme funds. According to information I have received, the amended amount could not be entered since the Commission had not given its authorisation. Authorising the transfer of funds would enable EU funds to be used effectively to consolidate agricultural land; however, failure to grant authorisation would burden the national budget with the cost of the work and would prevent the full amount of funds earmarked for this activity in Poland from being used.

The Commission shares the opinion of the honourable member that agricultural land consolidation programmes substantially influence the development of rural areas in Poland. On The justification provided by the Polish authorities indicates limited interest in the land consolidation scheme and deficiencies in applications submitted, resulting in their rejection by the administration.

They maintain that, even after this proposed reduction in the budget, there will be sufficient funds to execute all the projects planned under the scheme. The allocation of the budget for this RDP support scheme between Polish voivodships is a matter of national competence, in which the Commission is not involved. Biuro ds. In recent months information has been reaching Europe about the threat to pig farms posed by African swine fever ASF , which is caused by the African swine fever virus.

No vaccine is currently being produced against ASF so the only means of tackling the disease is to eliminate infected herds. To date, the disease has occurred mainly in Africa and, sporadically, in South America. The only cases in the European Union have been in Sardinia.

But it is the situation in Ukraine which is of most concern. Controls on the Polish side of the border with Ukraine have been stepped up, but it is impossible to check all travellers to determine whether they are carrying contaminated food. In response to the virus coming closer to the Polish border i. The Polish Veterinary Inspectorate is in contact with foresters and with the Ukrainian and Russian authorities concerning notification.

Is the Commission planning to provide financial assistance for action to combat the spread of the African swine fever virus in Ukraine, which directly borders the EU? What measures is the Commission planning to take in the event of an outbreak of the virus in the EU? In Ukraine only a single outbreak of this disease has been reported and all information available indicates that it has been successfully controlled and eradicated.

Member States have in place contingency plans to ensure its rapid control and eradication. Measures such as changing the composition of fuels and fitting filters have helped to reduce emissions of harmful particles. No scientific study has yet shown that these measures have had a positive impact on public health, however. Does the Commission intend to conduct a study into the impact that the use of different fuels has on health?

Does it plan to revise the legislation on energy taxation to take account of public health recommendations? The Commission does not intend to conduct a study on the impact of the use of different fuels on health. In the Commission presented a proposal for a revision of the directive. It appears that the level of innovation in regions that are home to a capital city is always equal to or higher than that in the other regions of the same country.

Does the Commission not think that the Spanish Government should increase investment in innovation, in order to make the regions more competitive, thereby creating more jobs? In the Annual Growth Survey, the Commission called for smart fiscal consolidation, where growth-enhancing areas are prioritised and protected whenever possible. If increased investments are not possible in a limited number of countries given the current macroeconomic situation, then at least the cuts should be less severe than those in the overall budget.

They are usually long-term unemployed who have lost hope of finding another job. When the economy starts to recover, some of those who have become disheartened will rejoin the labour market. Although the official unemployment figures do not reflect this serious situation, the exclusion of these people from the labour market places an economic burden on the state. Does the Commission feel that the necessary steps are being taken to prevent more people particularly young people and overs leaving the labour market?

How does it propose to alleviate this specific situation? Does the Commission consider that the official unemployment figures should include those who have stopped looking for work? The crisis has not affected older workers more than other age groups. Under the European Semester, Spain received a recommendation to raise the retirement age in line with life expectancy and promote measures for older workers, including lifelong learning, better working conditions and reintegrating older workers into the job market.

Since the unemployment rate gives only a partial picture of the situation, it has started publishing supplementary unemployment indicators, including the number of jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available to work and of jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. Most European citizens do not understand why these measures have had to be implemented within such a short space of time, inevitably giving rise to drastic changes in their living conditions.

The Union needs to move ahead keeping pace with the major changes taking place in the world, examples of which are events such as the Arab Spring and the role of the emerging economies. Whether it intends to launch a far-reaching debate on the need for a new European treaty, or if it considers this would be premature, given that pivotal steps towards economic and financial union have yet to be taken?

Whether this time of economic and monetary crisis is the right moment to reconsider the crisis of values affecting European society, which is at the same time fomenting the rise of anti-European movements and parties? Whether it considers it important, during these years of crisis which have undermined the single currency and, with it, the whole European project, to discuss what we wish the Union to achieve?

Whether, in the hypothetical event that the United Kingdom manages to achieve its demands, it sees a danger of other countries doing likewise, based on the principle of equal treatment? It raises the questions on how to strengthen cooperation and integration in the financial, fiscal, economic and also in the political field.

The Commission has set out a vision and the tools and the instruments as well as a sequenced path to achieve this ambition. In addition, the Commission will present its outline for the future EU ahead of the European Parliament elections in This outline will present ideas for shaping the future of the Union, some of which will require Treaty change. The Commission considers that the run up to the next elections for the Parliament as an excellent occasion to intensify a genuine European debate.

What it intends to do to reduce the feeling of distance between the Union and its citizens and what specific actions can be put into practice, in coordination with the Member States, to strengthen the feeling of belonging to the European project, especially through national educational programmes? Fair competition is essential to ensure efficient functioning of the market. The existence of monopolies and oligopolies in particular branches and sectors of the economy may be highly detrimental to consumers.

One such sector is trade, and particularly the retail trade. Although no monopolies or oligopolies exist in this sector, there are still certain businesses which are dominant in respect of the others, their market power being significant. This leads to the conclusion that it may be necessary to supervise them more stringently. The Commission assesses the market power of undertakings involved in the context of each particular competition case.

Ab dem 1. Daraus ergeben sich folgende Fragen:. At present, an amateur football team in Austria may field only two non-Austrians. How far advanced are these plans for re-regulation across Europe? Abolishing the exclusion clause for foreigners in Austria might well create a serious obstacle to recruiting and training young up-and-coming players, since many of them would no longer have any chance of moving up to senior teams.

How does the Commission view such fears? Does the Commission see a need for action and any scope, in general, for seeking changes to legislation on freedom of movement for workers in order, within competitive team sports, to counter the conflict of interests between looking to achieve good results during a season, meaning that team selection might be heavily or exclusively biased in favour of foreign players, and the long-term development of national sporting potential?

Can action which jeopardises the development of entire team sports in individual countries, also with a view to the interests of young people, also be regarded, in this instance, as a key issue of public interest? The modifications adopted by the Austrian Football Federation, as mentioned in the Honourable Member's question, aim to align the rules in force in Austrian football with EU rules on the free movement of citizens.

The Commission is aware of the social and educational role of sport and of the importance of the training and recruitment of young players. In the context of its structured dialogue with sports stakeholders and Member States, the Commission regularly provides guidance and explains the existing rules so as to help them address possible legal difficulties stemming from actions or rules in the field of sport.

Baltarusijos Prezidentas A. The competent Lithuanian institutions have not yet recorded any unusual and significant increase in the number of migrants. However, we cannot ignore these threatening statements because the situation can change in a very short period of time. Weak border security would also inevitably increase the scale of smuggling. Due to the insufficient number of Belarusian border guards there will continue to be huge queues of lorries and cars at the border.

Has the European Commission drawn attention to these statements by the Belarusian leader? Has action been taken recently to convince Belarus to enter into negotiations on a readmission agreement? The EU is closely following Belarusian statements on borders and migration.

So far this has worked satisfactorily. In case of possible insufficient Frontex financial means, the Union will urgently verify whether funds could be redeployed. The fact that Belarus has neither a border nor a re-admission agreement with Russia is not helpful either. Which specific provisions of the tax code has the Greek Government undertaken to simplify? Can the Commission, as a member of the Troika, give its unqualified assurance that its objective is not the imposition of new taxes or an increase in existing ones — such measures having already brought the Greek people to its knees?

The objective is to simplify the income tax code, bringing together the provisions in a single place, making the tax code much easier to understand and less burdensome to administer for citizens and businesses. No major changes in tax policy nor further increases in revenues are planned in this respect.

In addition, the legislation on tax procedures will be reviewed, making the system less costly and bureaucratic and helping combat tax evasion. The committee will produce a bill to reach Parliament in May. The Troika is not represented on this committee, but will follow its progress closely.

A constituent of mine is concerned that products such as milk, meat and eggs from animals fed on GM feed are not subject to these labelling requirements. This may lead to a situation where a consumer purchases such a product without knowing that the animal was fed on GM feed. Does the Commission agree that there is a weakness in the GM food labelling rules?

Consequently, products obtained from animals fed with GMOs, such as eggs, meat or milk, are subject neither to the authorisation requirements nor to the labelling requirements referred to in the regulation. Following a petition in asking for the labelling of such products, the Commission asked EFSA to clarify if transgenes or their products may be incorporated into animal tissues or products.

EFSA concluded that, to date, a large number of experimental studies with livestock have shown that recombinant DNA fragments or proteins derived from GM plants ingested by farm animals like broilers, cattle, pigs or quails have not been detected in their tissues, fluids or edible products.

On this basis, the Commission concluded that it was appropriate to maintain the current legislative approach. The results of the study will be published in Is the Commission aware of this project to drill and extract gas and to install a gas pipeline? Will the Commission ask the Spanish Government to provide information about this project? In the interests of consistency, this permit should have been issued before the EIA took place; however, the Andalusian government has yet to make a statement in this respect.

Is the Commission already familiar with this gas extraction project? Will it request that the Spanish Government withdraw the EIAs which have been presented, until they have received the abovementioned declaration? Di conseguenza, sono in crescita anche i ludopatici. Nel mio Paese Italia hanno raggiunto la cifra di mila, di cui mila sono gravi, tanto che il ministero della Salute ha incluso questa patologia fra quelle prese in carico dal Servizio Sanitario Nazionale.

Gambling with video poker and slot machines, in addition to betting and gaming halls, are constantly on the increase. As a result, gambling addicts are also on the increase. Has the Commission carried out, or does it intend to carry out, a survey to discover the extent of the phenomenon in the individual Member States and to find out in which other EU countries gambling addiction is treated by the National Health Service?

Why does it not propose a rule that prohibits the advertising of gambling on television and on the Internet, as was the case for tobacco, in order to prevent people from being drawn to it, with the resultant adverse effect on their health? As the Honourable Member was informed in a previous response on the issue of gambling addiction. The current EU legislation protecting the economic interest of vulnerable consumers also covers online gambling. Under this contract, Cosco is committed each year, in addition to the rent, to pay the PPA a guaranteed minimum amount, which will vary depending on the activity at the port in any given year.

According to the information available, the Cosco has asked the administration of Piraeus Port Authority PPA to abolish payment of the guaranteed minimum amount. How does it view Cosco's request to the PPA to amend the concession contract, i. The Commission services are not aware of this request, as the Greek authorities have not contacted them about it.

Therefore a request for information will shortly be sent to the Greek authorities. In the last few days, because of heavy rainfall that has caused landslides at the landfill on the island of Zakynthos, displaced waste has flattened the building housing the electronic equipment for the management of waste fumes. Furthermore, liquid waste from the landfill has reached the habitat of the Caretta caretta turtle in Laganas Bay. Moreover, citizens and environmental organisations in Zakynthos, who have for a long time been expressing their concern about the existing landfill, now have understandable objections to the choice made by the authorities to construct a new landfill at Livas, within a protected wildlife area, again without making any plans for waste prevention and recycling at source as required by EU legislation.

What stage have the court proceedings reached? What means does the Commission have to enforce Community law and, thereby promote the prevention and recycling of waste at source, which are best practices? What action will it take so that, in any event, the principles of prevention and recycling at source are implemented before any new landfills are created? In addition to legal action by the Commission to ensure full implementation of EU waste legislation, the Commission is taking several initiatives to promote best practices for waste management.

For instance, in November last year, a best practice seminar was organised in Greece with the national and regional authorities. In this context, a Roadmap including precise recommendations to improve waste management in Greece was developed and discussed with the Greek authorities. This Roadmap will be made publicly available. Regional funds remain available to support the required investments to improve waste management in Greece and to promote the first steps of the waste hierarchy — waste prevention, re-use and recycling.

The Commission has put forward a proposal for a directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure alternative fuels include liquefied natural gas LNG , compressed natural gas CNG and electricity. Under the proposal, each Member State would have to set up a minimum number of publicly accessible recharging points. In addition, the Commission proposal calls for all charging stations to be equipped with a single type of plug with Type 2 connectors as described in standard EN so that drivers can charge their vehicles in any Member State, regardless of the make of car.

At present, however, charging stations are equipped with two different types of plug. In France and the United Kingdom, Type 3 plugs are the most widely used. In France, some local authorities have already introduced self-service electric car schemes and built thousands of charging stations equipped with Type 3 plugs. In the light of EU competition law and the principle of technology neutrality, how can the Commission defend its decision to impose a single type of technology? Can the Commission explain why its proposal for a directive not only sets targets for the Member States but also stipulates how they must meet these targets i.

If it wishes to impose such a requirement, should it not be proposing a regulation, rather than a directive? Given that the technology behind electric charging stations is becoming more sophisticated all the time, is it really necessary to force all Member States to use Type 2 plugs when they might become obsolete in a few years anyway?

The proposal for a directive of the European parliament and of the Council on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. The implementation of common technical specifications in the Union is therefore necessary based on the work of the European Standardisation Organisations. The proposed directive foresees a revision clause every two years in order to update the standards in view of any new technology and market developments.

As the type 2 is used in most of Member States and is recommended by the European automotive manufacturers and the European electric utilities, the European Commission has proposed type 2 plug as common European standard in order to remove all market uncertainties and reduce the cost for the users and public authorities. In my opinion, the European Progress Microfinance Facility is not yet an effective tool for achieving the goals that it was set up to pursue.

That is also the view conveyed in the report on the functioning of the facility. Does the Commission think that, in the forthcoming financing period, it could be more heavily focused on supporting youth employment? Implementation patterns of financial instruments typically indicate a nonlinear portfolio build-up with a slower start followed by a stronger rise in volumes.

Progress Microfinance is thus well on track for achieving its objectives. The threat of rabies continues to pose health threats to humans in the Philippines. Furthermore, according to the National Meat Inspection Service, additional diseases associated with consuming dog meat include E. Coli , salmonella, anthrax, hepatitis, internal parasites and brucellosis; a large proportion of these diseases can be fatal. A large proportion of these are strays or are pets that have been stolen by traders.

During transportation, dogs endure stressful and painful conditions for a prolonged period of time, in high temperatures and without food or water. At the slaughterhouses, the surviving dogs are exposed to a number of inhumane killing methods. With regard to the Philippines, the Animal Welfare Act provides the general framework to protect and promote the welfare of all animals in the country.

The Anti-Rabies Act recognised the role played by the spread of rabies and tightened the supervising and regulating legal framework also by increasing penalties for convicted dog meat traders. However, due to continued reports on animal cruelty the Philippine Congress considers amendments to the Animal Welfare Act. Being aware of this issue, the signed but not yet concluded EU — Philippines Partnership Cooperation Agreement includes provisions and creates a framework for dialogue and cooperation also on animal welfare which might be explored in the future based on the interest of both parties.

The questionnaire does not meet the basic criteria for public opinion surveys of objectivity and accuracy. The first question already contains two mistakes. What action does the Commission intend to take at this stage and what corrective mechanisms does it intend to apply to ensure that the results of the consultation exercise are objective? The questionnaire uses commonly applied terminology.

The questionnaire was designed to allow for a comprehensive range of answers in order to obtain a representative overview of the positions of concerned individuals, companies, organisations and authorities. The Commission considers the questionnaire as balanced and has no plans to introduce any changes.

The purpose of the drafts was to approximate EU chemicals law. The drafts depart from chemical law in some respects, which, with regard to waste, is appropriate. As the provisions are not going to be brought fully into line with chemicals law and, in addition, the proposals are likely to impact chemicals law significantly, there should be — according to Commission guidance — an impact assessment.

What is the impact — in particular with regard to hazardous property HP 14, Ecotoxic — on the volume of hazardous waste and on the treatment routes for it? What consequences do the changes to hazardous properties have for agriculture, in particular as regards limit values under other EU legislation, e. Several options to define the ecotoxicity of waste hazardous property HP 14 are being analysed and will be further discussed in an expert working group.

While a fully-fledged impact assessment is not required, impacts of the amendments are being discussed. In the context of the discussions of the options for defining the ecotoxicity criterion HP 14 , possible implications on sewage sludge, and in particular, consistency with existing requirements for the use of sewage sludge, are being analysed.

It is not foreseen to change the waste code 10 01 Accordingly, fly ash from untreated wood would continue to be classified as a non-hazardous waste. Einem Bericht der Bild-Zeitung vom 6. Following the detection of horsemeat in hamburgers sold in British supermarkets, the Spanish consumer association OCU has confirmed that out of 20 brands tested in Spanish supermarkets, two contained horsemeat, without it being listed on the packaging.

In addition to horsemeat, antioxidants, colourings, flavour enhancers, sulphites and an additive to keep the meat looking fresh and disguise its poor quality were also detected. Is the Commission monitoring the situation concerning the use of horsemeat in hamburgers sold in Europe?

Apart from the cases already found in the United Kingdom, Ireland and now Spain, does it know whether the same problem exists in other European states? Does the Commission consider the addition of antioxidants, colourings, flavour enhancers and sulphites to meat likely to pose food safety and public health risks? Does it not feel that the use of such additives should be controlled and regulated? Does it intend to change the rules on labelling of meat products, so that horsemeat content can be identified?

Following the findings of mislabelled food with horsemeat, the Commission has been actively coordinating ongoing investigations in the Member States. To this end, the Commission has recently adopted a recommendation on a coordinated control plan calling for EU-wide controls on foods marketed as containing beef to detect undeclared presence of horse meat and on horse meat destined for human consumption to detect phenylbutazone, a veterinary drug whose use is allowed only in non-food producing animals.

Europol is also involved in the ongoing investigations. These current Union food labelling rules, when correctly enforced, are sufficient to ensure that horsemeat content can be identified on the labelling of meat products. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO today warned of the risk of new bird flu outbreaks unless surveillance and disease control is strengthened globally.

Is the Commission monitoring this situation? What steps will it take to strengthen the surveillance and control of bird flu and other animal diseases? Can it guarantee the safety of poultry and pig farms in Europe? Does it believe that this FAO warning may constitute a threat to public health since these new outbreaks of bird flu H5N1 may be transmissible to humans?

What preventive measures has it taken or does it intend it take? Around European children and adolescents have been diagnosed with narcolepsy after receiving the Pandemrix H1N1 vaccine manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline. Given that new vaccines will be manufactured should new cases of bird flu and swine flu arise, what measures has it taken or will it take to ensure that these new vaccines will not pose the risk of narcolepsy associated with Pandemrix?

Influenza vaccines are subject to the strong EU legislation framework for medicinal products. Quais foram os seus resultados? How does the Commission view the outcomes of this high-level conference? Did the conference meet expectations? What were the main points highlighted and the most pressing issues identified in terms of implementing a joint and successful effort to prevent violent extremism and to involve the various communities living in the Member States?

How does it assess manifestations of violent extremism in Europe? What are their main causes and consequences? What specific measures has it taken on this issue? What were the outcomes of these measures? The objective of the meeting was to bolster Member States' efforts in their policy on preventing violent extremism and to support the involvement of local players.

The Conference recognised the added value of the RAN and the approach aimed at tackling all kinds of violent extremism. The discussions will feed into the Commission's work on Countering Violent Extremism. The RAN aims to be an EU-wide umbrella platform for practitioners involved locally in countering violent extremism.

Eight working groups have already been set up within the RAN on different topics such as community or local police and victims of terrorism. Its overall is more to facilitate preventative cooperation, and to share experiences and practices amongst practitioners and local actors closest to the most vulnerable individuals. It aims thereby to contribute to the goals set out by the Commission in the Internal Security Strategy. No dia 30 de janeiro de teve lugar a Khurshid discussed bilateral relations between the European Union and India and foreign policy issues of common concern, in particular in their respective neighbourhoods, the Middle East Peace Process and Iran.

Both sides agreed on the necessity to enhance EU-India relations, in particular as regards political and security-related issues, trade and sectoral cooperation. The recent cases of violence against women were also mentioned. The relations between EU and India continue to deepen in a constructive manner. Both sides look at the next Summit as an important step in this process.

Em que termos? Que projetos tem presentemente em curso com este objetivo? A thorough understanding of European cultural heritage requires knowledge of centuries of European presence throughout the world and the preservation of material and non-material cultural heritage that marks this presence and interaction with other peoples and cultures. Much of this European heritage is found in developing countries, which often lack the means to prevent its degradation or even disappearance. Does the Commission believe that material and non-material European cultural heritage found outside the Member States is an important part of European cultural heritage as a whole?

Does it believe that this heritage deserves the care, attention and protection of all Europhiles and that the European identity is incomplete without it? Does it provide any support for the identification, examination and preservation of European heritage throughout the world? What does this support entail? What projects is it currently supporting? The Commission is of the opinion that the safeguarding of European cultural heritage is of high importance.

Moreover, bilateral ad hoc initiatives are taken in the Eastern and Southern Partner countries, such as a capacity building action in heritage management — which is at the core of an important upcoming programme with Algeria — and support provided for the institutional development of the National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Georgia.

The Bank of France has confirmed that a huge capital flight is taking place, which will escalate if the Socialist government persists in further penalising the wealthiest. What does it think of it? In the current context of crisis, many governments have turned to tax hikes as a solution, without the measure effectively leading to any increase in tax revenue, as it has resulted in the flight of capital and wealth towards more favourable regimes.

How does the Commission view this situation? What impact is it likely to have in terms of economic recovery and rebalancing national budgets? The recent mediatised cases of famous French citizens changing country of residence to avoid tax burden should not drive us to any quick conclusion on the impact for the economy as a whole in the absence of reliable data.

The fiscal strategy of the French Government has currently relied mostly on revenue measures, with a specific emphasis on tax payers with the highest capacity to contribute. As indicated in the Annual Growth Survey, efforts should be done to achieve a balanced fiscal strategy, in particular in countries with a relatively high share of public expenditure in GDP, as is the case for France.

Betreft: Salarissen en pensioenen van EU-ambtenaren. Wat is de gemiddelde hoogte van het pensioen dat momenteel wordt uitgekeerd aan gepensioneerde ambtenaren? Wat is de gemiddelde hoogte van het pensioen van deze ambtenaren? Hoe worden de ingelegde pensioenpremies beheerd? De personeelsstatistieken worden bekendgemaakt op europa. Het fonds volgt een principe van actuarieel evenwicht en het mechanisme dat daarvoor wordt aangewend, is het pensioenbijdragepercentage. De werknemers moeten een derde van de vereiste financiering betalen.

Aan deze vereiste is en wordt voldaan. Overeenkomstig het principe van actuarieel evenwicht wordt het pensioenbijdragepercentage namelijk elk jaar aangepast om de pensioenrechten voor het volgende jaar volledig te dekken.

Aangezien het pensioenfonds in actuarieel evenwicht is, kunnen alle toekomstige uitkeringen volledig worden uitbetaald. Over the past five years, how many civil servants have taken early retirement at age 55, without deduction of pension? What is the average pension of these civil servants? Over the past five years, how many civil servants have taken early retirement at age 55, with deduction of pension? What is the total amount paid out for other benefits, such as sickness and disability benefits?

How are the pension contributions managed? Is there a required funding ratio? If so, how high is this required funding ratio? What happens to the deposited pension contributions? Are these invested, for instance? Staff figures are published on europa. It follows an actuarial balance principle and the pension contribution rate is the mechanism maintaining the scheme in balance.

This requirement is and has been met, as under the principle of actuarial balance, the pension contributions is to be adjusted each year to fully cover pension rights acquired in the following year. The pension fund can fully pay the future benefits because it is in actuarial balance. The Commission has not developed any scenarios in case a Member State were to leave the Union. Il problema dell'espianto di organi ai danni di prigionieri di coscienza in Cina ha radici profonde, risalenti al Il regime cinese ha, infatti, da tempo, dato inizio alla persecuzione contro i praticanti del Falun Gong, un popolare sistema di esercizi cinese, i quali vengono regolarmente arrestati, torturati e uccisi per il loro credo.

L'Unione europea ritiene che il dialogo UE-Cina sui diritti umani rappresenti un'importante sede di discussione delle questioni relative ai diritti umani in Cina. The problem of organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China is deep-rooted, dating back as far as The Chinese regime has for some time persecuted members of Falun Gong, a popular system of Chinese exercises, the practitioners of which are regularly arrested, tortured and killed for their beliefs. Considering that, if it is indeed true that organ harvesting is being performed on prisoners of conscience who are not sentenced to death, this would consist of a crime against humanity;.

However, the regulation does not adequately address the issue of donor consent. The EU also remains concerned with the secrecy surrounding organ transplant statistics, which makes it impossible to gain an accurate picture of the source of transplanted organs, and at allegations that many organs are harvested from prisoners in Re-Education through Labour camps.

The EU continues to encourage any efforts by China to promote voluntary organ donation. The EU believes that the EU-China human rights dialogue constitutes an important channel for discussion of human rights issues in China. The EU has already addressed the issue of organ harvesting in the framework of past rounds of the EU-China Human Rights Dialogue and will continue to do so, together with individual cases of persecution of individual Falun Gong practitioners.

Wie hoch war der zugesagte Betrag? In welchem Umfang wurden die bereitgestellten Mittel schon vergeben? Wurde die Kofinanzierung geleistet? Wie beurteilt die Kommission den aktuellen Stand des Museumsprojekts vor Ort? Wenn er nicht zufriedenstellend ist: Warum hat die Kommission in das Verfahren nicht eingegriffen bzw.

Lei vom EFRE. Lei zugewiesen. Lei wurden bereits ausgezahlt. The project should have been completed in It included the restoration and renovation of the museum and the excavation sites. What are the criteria for granting this financial support? What amount was promised?

To what extent have the funds made available already been handed over? Was co-financing achieved? If it is not satisfactory, why has the Commission not intervened in this process, and will it demand the successful completion of the project? The beneficiary has received No company has received support for this project, as the responsible body and beneficiary is the Mehedinti County Council. The project includes new buildings, the rehabilitation of the old museum building and archaeological works.

The latter are weather dependent and unforeseen problems with the building structure delayed the work. The construction of the new buildings could not start because a new archaeological site was discovered. A new location for these buildings needed approval from the Ministry of Culture and the technical design had to be redone. A new tender procedure for the works is in progress.

Work on a pedestrian bridge over the railway met technical problems and agreement from the railway company was delayed. The Commission approved an extension of the implementation time. The Romanian authorities monitor the situation based on progress reports and site visit reports.

The beneficiary has been urged to speed up the work. The Commission considers that the main problem encountered the new archaeological site was beyond the beneficiary's control. Betreft: Misleidende informatie van de Commissie. Kan de Commissie uitleggen en aan de hand van een effectbeoordeling bewijzen wat er is veranderd sinds haar eerste beoordeling?

Blijft de Commissie erbij dat de invoering van een FTT in het kader van intensievere samenwerking geen gevolgen zal hebben voor de andere lidstaten? Volgens deze bron heeft de Commissie een voorkeur voor de plaats waar een economische activiteit ontplooid zou moeten worden, op grond van belastingprincipes. Staat het de Commissie uit hoofde van de Verdragen vrij dergelijke voorkeuren te hebben, die niet verenigbaar zijn met de regels van de interne markt?

Hoe zal de Commissie het beginsel van rechtszekerheid naleven als ze zulke belangrijke maatregelen voorstelt binnen zo'n kort tijdsbestek, zonder overleg en zonder dat het publiek ervan op de hoogte is? De Commissie heeft voor haar oorspronkelijke FTT-voorstel een volwaardige effectbeoordeling uitgevoerd. Deze effectbeoordeling behoudt grotendeels haar geldigheid voor nauwere samenwerking op basis van het huidige voorstel.

Er is een aanvullende analyse uitgevoerd met het oog op de invoering van een FTT in het kader van een nauwere samenwerking. De resultaten van deze analyse zijn bekendgemaakt in het werkdocument van de diensten van de Commissie dat een analyse van de beleidsopties en effecten bevat WDC Het voorstel van de Commissie is gebaseerd op algemeen aanvaarde beginselen van internationaal belastingrecht. Het is volledig in overeenstemming met de eengemaakte markt en beoogt een betere werking daarvan.

De door de Commissie voorgestelde regels discrimineren op geen enkele wijze tussen deelnemende en niet-deelnemende lidstaten. De Commissie is van mening dat een nauwere samenwerking op het gebied van FTT in overeenstemming is met alle eisen van het Verdrag. De samenwerking versterkt met name het integratieproces van de Unie en berokkent geen schade aan de werking van de eengemaakte markt, maar draagt integendeel bij tot een betere werking ervan.

Could the Commission explain, and prove by means of an impact assessment, what has changed since its original assessment? Does the Commission still maintain that introducing the FTT under enhanced cooperation would have no impact on the other Member States? According to this source, the Commission has a preference concerning where an economic activity should take place, based on tax principles. Do the Treaties empower the Commission to have this kind of preference, which is not compatible with the rules of the internal market?

How will the Commission fulfil the principle of legal certainty if it proposes measures of such importance within such a short period, with no consultation and without the knowledge of the public? The Commission has carried out a fully-fledged impact assessment for its initial FTT proposal which still remains largely valid in case of enhanced cooperation on the basis of this proposal.

Additional analysis has been undertaken in view of the FTT implementation under enhanced cooperation. The results of this analysis are published in the Commission's Staff Working Document containing its analysis of policy options and impacts [SWD 28]. The Commission proposal is based on accepted principles of international tax law and in full compliance with the internal market, whose functioning it is intended to improve.

The rules proposed by the Commission do not in any way discriminate between non-participating and participating Member States. The Commission is of the view that enhanced cooperation in the area of FTT complies with all Treaty requirements. In particular, it reinforces the Union's integration process and does not undermine, but rather improves the functioning of the Single Market, and it also respects the competences, rights and obligations of non-participating Member States.

If so, what is the rationale for this? However, manufacturers have to follow the provisions of the CPR when declaring the performance of their products. However, it does not lay down environmental requirements for the performance of construction products. The implementation and enforcement of the CPR will not be delayed. What measures is the European External Action Service taking to ensure that the slave trade is eradicated at both the global and the European level?

The issue of human trafficking is a major problem globally. It is universally acknowledged that poverty and vulnerability are the two key factors which lead to such exploitation. What steps have been taken by the Commission to ensure a multidisciplinary approach to tackling this global problem? What level of budget has been allocated in the multiannual financial framework?

Preventing and combating trafficking in human beings has been a priority for the European Union and its Member States for several years. There is no specific budget for actions related to trafficking in human beings in the next MFF The Commission has proposed to allocate 1. The modalities of its implementation are still under discussions. The projects address the diverse aspects of trafficking in human beings and include a multiplicity of relevant actors.

Many of the projects include cooperation with civil society organisations. Betreft: Censuur in Turkije, lijst van verboden boeken en tijdschriften. Er blijft echter nog altijd een lijst van gecensureerde publicaties bestaan in Turkije.

Deze lijst wordt zelfs nog regelmatig aangevuld. Werd de Turkse regering hierover al benaderd door de Commissie? Acht de Commissie deze openlijke en brutale vorm van censuur in overeenstemming met de criteria van Kopenhagen? Wordt er een deadline gesteld om de lijst af te schaffen? Door het hervormingspakket zijn ook juridische bepalingen ingetrokken die onredelijke publicatieverboden mogelijk maakten. However, there is still a list of censored publications in Turkey.

This list is even supplemented regularly. Those responsible are currently considering placing Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck on the censure list. Has it already approached the Turkish Government? If so, what were the conclusions? Does it believe that this outright and brutal form of censorship complies with the Copenhagen criteria? Is it normal that such a list still exists, seven years after starting the accession negotiations with Turkey? Is there a deadline to abolish the list? If not, what consequences will maintaining the censure list have on the further progress of the negotiations?

The latter stipulates that any decision taken before to block the sale and distribution of published works would be void in the absence of a confirmation by a Court of the ban within six months. It also repealed legal provisions allowing for excessive publication bans.

The impact of these measures is still to be fully assessed. IMF officials have recently been forced to concede that mistakes have been made, particularly in connection with fiscal multipliers, as confirmed by an IMF summary report outlining and assessing the policies adopted and measures recommended in the Member States to which the Memorandum applies.

On the one hand, the policies adopted in Greece have actually aggravated the recession, with disastrous consequences for the real economy, growth and employment, and, on the other, they have not proved particularly fruitful or effective. Does it concur? Did the IMF express any reservations when the financial measures for Greece were being drawn up and negotiated under the Memorandum, or did its change of heart occur after the event?

Does the Commission agree with these conclusions? Could this new perspective lead to a re-examination of the strategies adopted and a reassessment of the fiscal multipliers? The robustness of recent studies on the fiscal multiplier is limited by their short time horizon and other factors that may have impacted on growth compared with what was expected. They include the confidence effects that are materialising now and from which the vulnerable countries are benefiting.

In , the fiscal deficit had reached It led to the launch of the financial assistance programme in the spring of However, uncertainty and problems with implementation persisted in the first years of the programme. Since last summer, the Greek programme has been brought decisively back on track.

The agreement in the Eurogroup last December has removed the damaging uncertainty that had been hanging over Greece for too long, and paved the way for a return of confidence. In this context, the Euro area partners agreed to extend the timeline for fiscal adjustment by two years. It is now up to the Greek authorities to ensure through determined implementation of the reform programme that this confidence continues to grow. Can the Commission indicate the amount of aid channelled towards measures to improve the situation of children in Greece e.

Were the Commission recommendations for regarding child poverty presented to the Member States as planned? What progress has been made in promoting and improving evidence-based policies to assist vulnerable children, including the social open method of coordination and its peer review programme and the European Alliance for Families?

To this end, it provides support to children from vulnerable groups either directly in the field of education or indirectly through measures supporting childcare in order to promote the employment of their parents. Child poverty was central to a number of mutual learning activities that took place in Among others things, the European Alliance for Families published a policy briefing on Parenting Support.

Oggetto: Deroghe e proroghe all'applicazione dell'articolo 12 della Direttiva sui Servizi. Da quali Stati membri e relativamente a quali settori produttivi o commerciali sono state richieste? Quali proroghe sono state, infine, concesse e con quale scadenza? Alla Commissione non sono pervenute richieste relative alle procedure di selezione previste dall'articolo Va sottolineato che gli Stati membri non sono tenuti a notificare tali procedure alla Commissione.

Le suddette autorizzazioni, ai sensi dell'articolo 12, paragrafo 2, della direttiva, sono rilasciate per una durata limitata adeguata e non possono prevedere la procedura di rinnovo automatico. La durata dovrebbe essere tale da garantire l'ammortamento degli investimenti e una remunerazione equa. From which Member States and relating to which manufacturing or business sectors have such requests been received?

What extensions were granted in the end, and with what deadline? Can it provide the same information with regard to any requests for derogation that have been received? Will the Commission publish a detailed list of all the requests for derogation and extension received both those granted and those rejected from EU Member States, so as to make this information accessible to citizens and businesses?

Does the Commission think that the Services Directive will shortly be able to be revised, in order to resolve, once and for all, some of the issues that are still pending with regard to its implementation in the Member States? It should be underlined that there is no obligation on Member States to notify such procedures to the Commission. This period should be such as is necessary to enable the provider to recoup the cost of investment and to generate a fair return.

Concerning a possible revision of the Services Directive, the Commission considers that the immediate priority is first to ensure a more ambitious and full implementation of the existing Services Directive with a view to releasing its untapped potential. The EU and its Member State governments are openly seeking to criminalise the trade union movement and its doctrines, seeking in particular to net those communist parties wishing to end capitalist exploitation and introduce radical political and economic changes.

The Commission disagrees with the assumptions contained in the question asked by the Honourable Member. As experience has shown, terrorism cannot be linked to one faith or political persuasion, or any particular region. The Commission is not a law enforcement authority. Its role is to assist and support Member States' authorities in their efforts to prevent terrorism and violent extremism by facilitating the exchange of knowledge and experience of preventive measures.

Its overall objective is to facilitate preventative cooperation, and to share experiences and practices amongst the groups of players closest to the most vulnerable individuals. It aims thereby to contribute to the goals set out by the Commission in the ISS.

Is the Commission aware of the problem albino children are facing in Tanzania and other parts of Africa? The Commission is aware of the problems that people affected by albinism face in Tanzania and has already addressed the issue.

It is true that the stigmatisation of persons with albinism continues to be a problem in Tanzania although the Tanzanian Government has stepped up efforts to curb it and the extra-judicial killings of persons with albinism. This has resulted in positive change. Unfortunately, very few applications were received and their quality and risk assessment were too weak to proceed with a financial commitment.

However, albinos in Tanzania are considered by law as People Living with Disabilities and are amongst the direct beneficiaries of a number of EU-funded initiatives that promote economic, social and political rights and the empowerment of people living with disabilities. In Finland is de organisatie Valvira verantwoordelijk voor de registratie van buitenlandse artsen. Ondanks de wederzijdse erkenning van beroepskwalificaties kan een lidstaat of kunnen meerdere lidstaten alsnog allerlei kosten opwerpen.

Aangezien de huidige richtlijn geen specifieke voorschriften bevat betreffende de administratieve heffing voor dergelijke aanvragen, kunnen de lidstaten zelf de hoogte daarvan bepalen. De Commissie zal nagaan welke registratievoorschriften in Finland, Zweden en Denemarken gelden voor artsen uit andere dan de Noordse landen.

Momenteel verzamelt zij informatie die zou kunnen verduidelijken waarom deze specifieke vereisten zijn ingevoerd. In Finland, the organisation Valvira is responsible for the registration of foreign doctors. Despite the mutual recognition of professional qualifications, a Member State or multiple Member States may raise all kinds of costs. Is it not a form of discrimination that a doctor from the Netherlands must pay double for his registration in Finland compared to a doctor from Sweden or Denmark?

A Semantically Associative Memory. Electronic Simulation of the Biological Clock. A Model for Hearing. A Mathematical Model for Visual Perception. The Survival Value of Sensory Perception. Evaluation of a Class of Pattern-Recognition Networks. Machine Interpretation of Radar Displays.

Quantitative Aspects of the Problem of Shape in Biology. Design Studies of Conditional Probability Computers. Bayes Strategies as Adaptive Behavior. Carne, E. Connelly, P. Halpern, B. First-Order Experiential Concept Formation. Theory of Structurally Homogeneous Logic Nets. Induction and Logical Types. About this book Introduction When the present symposium was first conceived, it was decided that more emphasis be given to contributions from biological laboratories than has typically appeared in previous bionics meetings.

Accordingly, most of the invited speakers are biologists, in the broad sense of representing some area of the life sciences. In this way, it was hoped that a greater direct interest in the technological problems of bionics might be stimulated among biologists, upon whose work much of the success of bionics necessarily lies.

Because of the wide interdisciplinary span of the papers, it was necessary to impose some artificial organization upon them, specifically for continuity in the transactions. We elected to put the biological papers first, followed by those which deal with reasonably specific models, and reserveto the last those papers reporting models which are more general in nature. The editorial function was kept to a minimum, with no major alterations of content and few of style being exercised.

Assitance in the preparation of this volume was received from the National Institute of Neurologic Diseases and Blindness, Grant number B Editors and affiliations. Kare 1 1.